RUT850 Glossary

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This section is a glossary of terms found in the RUT850 Manual and RUT850 WebUI section.


  • WAN – Wide Area Network is a telecommunication network that covers a broad area (i.e., any network that links across metropolitan, regional, or national boundaries). Here we use the term WAN to mean the external network that the router uses to reach the internet.


  • LAN – A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers in a limited area such as a home, school, computer laboratory, or office building.


  • DHCP – The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network configuration protocol for hosts on Internet Protocol (IP) networks. Computers that are connected to IP networks must be configured before they can communicate with other hosts. The most essential information needed is an IP address, and a default route and routing prefix. DHCP eliminates the manual task by a network administrator. It also provides a central database of devices that are connected to the network and eliminates duplicate resource assignments.


  • AP – Access point. An access point is any device that provides wireless connectivity for wireless clients. In this case, when you enable Wi-Fi on your router, your router becomes an access point.


  • DNS – Domain Name System. A server that translates names such as www.google.lt to their respective IPs. In order for your computer or router to communicate with some external server it needs to know it’s IP, its name “www.something.com” just won’t do. There are special servers set in place that perform this specific task of resolving names into IPs, called Domain Name servers. If you have no DNS specified you can still browse the web, provided that you know the IP of the website you are trying to reach.


  • ARP – Short for Adress Resolution Protocol a network layer protocol used to convert an IP address into a physical address (called a DLC address), such as an Ethernet address.


  • NAT – network address translation – an internet standard that enables a local-area network (LAN) to use one set of IP addresses for internet traffic and a second set of addresses for external traffic.


  • LCP – Link Control Protocol – a protocol that is part of the PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol). The LCP checks the identity of the linked device and either accepts or rejects the peer device, determines the acceptable packet size for transmission, searches for errors in configuration and can terminate the link if the parameters are not satisfied.


  • BOOTP – Bootstrap Protocol – an internet protocol that enables a diskless workstation to discover its own IP address, the IP address of a BOOTP server on the network, and a file to be loaded into memory to boot the machine. This enables the workstation to boot without requiring a hard or floppy disk drive.


  • TCP – Transmission Control Protocol – one of the main protocols in TCP/IP networks. Whereas the IP protocol deals only with packets, TCP enables two hosts to establish a connection and exchange streams of data. TCP guarantees delivery of data and also guarantees that packets will be delivered in the same order in which they were sent.


  • TKIP – Temporal Key Integrity Protocol – scrambles the keys using hashing algorithm and, by adding an integrity-checking feature, ensure that the keys haven’t been tampered with.


  • CCMP – Counter Mode Cipher Block Chaining Message Authentication Code Protocol – encryption protocol designed for Wireless LAN products that implement the standards of the IEEE 802.11i amendment to the original IEEE802.11 standard. CCMP is an enchanted data cryptographic encapsulation designed for data confidentiality and based upon the Counter Mode with CBC-MAC (CCM) of the AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) standard.


  • MAC – Media Access Control. Hardware address which uniquely identifies each node of the network. In IEEE 802 networks, the Data Link Control (DCL) layer of the PSO Reference Model is divided into two sub-layers: the Logical Link Control (LLC) layer and the Media Access Control layer. The MAC layer interfaces directly with the network medium. Consequently, each different type of network medium requires a different MAC layer.


  • DMZ – Demilitarized Zone – a computer or small subnetwork that sits between a trusted internal network, such as a corporate private LAN, and an untrusted external network, such as the public internet.


  • UDP – User Datagram Protocol – a connectionless protocol that, like TCP, runs on top of IP networks. Provides very few error recovery services, offering instead a direct way to send and receive datagrams over IP network.


  • PPPD – Point to Point Protocol Daemon – it is used to manage network connections between two nodes on Unix-likeoperating systems. It is configured using command-line arguments and configuration files.