RUT900 Administration

From Wiki Knowledge Base | Teltonika
This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most recent.

Summary[edit | edit source]

This page is an overview of the Administration section of RUT900 routers.

The information in this page is updated in accordance with the RUT9XX_R_00.06.04 firmware version.

General[edit | edit source]

The General section is used to set up some of the router's managerial parameters, such as password, name, language, etc. For more information on the General section, refer to figure and table below.

Networking rut900 manual administration general v1.png

Field Value Description
Router name string; default: Template:Name The router's model name.
Host name string; default: Teltonika-Template:Name.com The router's hostname. This can be used for communication with other LAN hosts.
Current password string; default: none The router's current password.
New password | Confirm new password string; default: none A new password for the router. The password must be comprised of 8-32 characters, including at least one upper case letter, one lower case letter and one digit.
Language English | Deutsch | Français | Turkish; default: English Selects the router's WebUI language.
IPv6 Support yes | no; default: no Turns IPv6 support on or off.
Show mobile info at login page yes | no; default: no Shows mobile data connection information (signal strength, state, service mode) at login page.
Show WAN IP at login page yes | no; default: no Shows the router's WAN IP address at login page.
LEDs Indication yes | no; default: yes Turns the router's LED indications on or off.
Time integer [5..60]; default: 5 Specifies the minimum amount of time (in seconds) that the reset button has to be pressed and held down in order to initiate a factory reset.
Restore to default -(interactive button) Restores the router to it's default state (factory settings).

Troubleshoot[edit | edit source]

The Troubleshoot section is used to download various files that contain information used for troubleshooting the router. Refer to the figure and table below for information on the Troubleshoot page.

Networking rutxxx manual administration troubleshoot v1.png

Field Value Description
System log level Debug | Info | Notice | Warning | Error | Critical | Alert | Emergency; default: debug Specifies the information output level of the system log.
  • Debug - contains basic information that is diagnostically helpful to most people (i.e., not just engineers).
  • Info - general useful information (e.g., configuration changes, starts and stops of services, etc.)
  • Notice - conditions that are not error conditions, but that may require special handling.
  • Warning - anything that can potentially cause application oddities, but for which the system is automatically recovering from (e.g., retrying an operation, missing secondary data, etc.)
  • Error - errors that are fatal to the operation, but not the service or application (can't open a required file, missing data, etc.) Solving these types of errors will usually require user intervention.
  • Critical - critical conditions, device errors.
  • Alert - a condition that must be corrected immediately.
  • Emergency - a panic condition, i.e., system is no longer usable.
Save log in RAM memory | Flash memory; default: RAM memory Specifies which type of memory to use for storing system logs.
Include GSMD information yes | no; default: yes When checked, includes the router's GSMD information in the log file.
Include PPPD information yes | no; default: no When checked, includes the router's PPPD information in the log file.
Include chat script information yes | no; default: yes When checked, includes the router's chat script information in log file.
Include network topology information yes | no; default: no When checked, includes the router's network topology information in the log file.
System log - (interactive button) Displays the contents of the router's system log file. The system log contains records of various system related events, such as starts/stops of various services, errors, reboots, etc.
Kernel log - (interactive button) Displays the contents of the router's kernel log file. The kernel log contains records of various events related to the processes of the operating system (OS).
Troubleshoot file - (interactive button) Downloads the router's Troubleshoot file. It contains the router's configuration information, logs and some other files. When requesting support, it is recommended to always provide the router's Troubleshoot file to Teltonika engineers for analysis.
TCP dump file - (interactive button) Downloads the router's TCP dump file. TCP dump is a program used to capture packets moving through network interfaces. By default, the router does not store TCP dump information. You must enable TCP dump and save the changes before you can download the file.
Enable TCP dump* yes | no; default: no Turns TCP dump packets capture on or off.

* More on TCP dump in the next section.

TCP dump[edit | edit source]


TCP dump is a program used to capture packets moving through network interfaces. By default, the router does not store TCP dump information. You must enable TCP dump and save the changes before you can download the file.

If you enable TCP dump, you will notice additional configuration fields appear. Refer to the figure and table below for realted information.

Networking rutxxx manual administration troubleshoot tcpdump v1.png

Field Value Description
Enable TCP dump yes | no; default: no Turns TCP dump packet capture on or off.
Select interface network interface; default: any Only captures packets that move through the specified network interface.
Select protocol filter all | icmp | tcp | udp | arp; default: all Only captures packets that match the specified protocol.
Select packets direction IN/OUT | Incoming | Outgoing; default: IN/OUT Only captures packets coming from the specified direction.
Host ip | host; default: none Only captures packets related to the specified host.
Port integer [0..65335]; default: none Only captures packets related to the specified communication port.
Select storage Internal storage; default: Internal storage Specifies where the TCP dump file will be stored.

Backup[edit | edit source]

The Backup page is used to download or upload configuration backup files to the router. Backup files can be uploaded only from identical devices with identical or older (no older than RUT9XX_R_00.03.726) firmware. Once a backup file is uploaded to a router, that router will have identical configuration as the router from which the backup file originated (was downloaded from).

Networking rut9xx manual administration backup v1.png

  • Backup Configuration - generates and downloads the router's backup file based on the current configuration.
  • Restore Configuration - uploads a configuration backup file to the router. This can be done in two ways:
    • Upgrade from file - uploads a configuration file from your computer.

Important: backup files can be uploaded only when taken from a device with an identical Product code (can be checked in Status → [[RUT900 Device|Device]]) and identical or older firmware.

Access Control[edit | edit source]

The Access Control page is used to manage remote and local access to the router.

Important: turning on remote access leaves the router vulnerable to external attackers. Make sure you use a strong password.

General[edit | edit source]


The General section is used to manage SSH, HTTP(S) and CLI access to the router.

SSH


Networking rutxxx manual administration access control general ssh v1.png

Field Value Description
Enable SSH access yes | no; default: yes Turns SSH access from the local network (LAN) on or off.
Remote SSH access yes | no; default: no Turns SSH access from remote networks (WAN) on or off.
Port integer [0..65535]; default: 22 Selects which port to use for SSH access.


WebUI


Networking rutxxx manual administration access control general webui v1.png

Field Value Description
Enable HTTP access yes | no; default: yes Turns HTTP access from the local network (LAN) to the router's WebUI on or off.
Redirect to HTTPS yes | no; default: no Redirects connection attempts from HTTP to HTTPS.
Enable remote HTTP access yes | no; default: no Turns HTTP access from remote networks (WAN) to the router's WebUI on or off.
Port integer [0..65535]; default: 80 Selects which port to use for HTTP access.
Enable remote HTTPS access yes | no; default: no Turns HTTPS access from remote networks (WAN) to the router's WebUI on or off.
Port integer [0..65535]; default: 443 Selects which port to use for HTTPS access.
Enable JSON RPC yes | no; default: yes Turns JSON-RPC access via ubus on or off.
RFC1918 Filter yes | no; default: yes Turns Address Allocation for Private Internets on or off.


CLI


Networking rutxxx manual administration access control general cli v1.png

Field Value Description
Enable CLI yes | no; default: yes Turns CLI access from the local network (LAN) on or off.
Enable remote CLI yes | no; default: no Turns CLI access from remote networks (WAN) on or off.
Port range range of integers [0..65534]-[1..65535]; default: 4200-4220 Selects which ports to use for CLI access.
Shell limit integer [1..10]; default: 5 Maximum number of active CLI connections.

Safety[edit | edit source]


The Safety section is used to manage the List Of Blocked Addresses. After a user attempts to login to this devices via SSH/HTTP, he will have a limited amount of retries in case of unsuccessful login attempts. This limit is called Fail count and is set in this page. After the user exhausts the maximum number of attempts, his IP address will be blocked from making more attempts and added to the List Of Blocked Addresses.

Block Unwanted Access


Networking rutxxx manual administration access control safety block unwanted access v1.png

Field Value Description
Enable yes | no; default: yes Turns secure SSH/HTTP access on or off. If this is checked, devices logging in have a limited amount of tries specified in the Fail count field to log in to the router via SSH/HTTP.
Clean after reboot yes | no; default: no If this field is checked, addresses are removed from the List Of Blocked Addresses after every router reboot.
Fail count integer; default: 5 Maximum login fail count after which the device's address is blocked and addedd to the List Of Blocked Addresses.


List Of Blocked Addresses


Networking rutxxx manual administration access control safety list of blocked addresses v2.png

The screenshot above is of a list that contains one blocked address. If you or someone you know gets blocked accidentally, you can unblock users from this section by deleting their IP address from the list.

Note: the list gets cleared after a factory reset.

Diagnostics[edit | edit source]

The Diagnostics section is used to execute simple network diagnostic tests, including ping, traceroute and nslookup.

Networking rutxxx manual administration diagnostics v1.png

Enter an address in the Host field and execute one of the following actions:

  • Ping - sends ICMP requests to the specified address.
  • Traceroute - displays the path that packets have to take in order to reach the specified address.
  • Nslookup - obtains domain name address and IP address mapping information.

MAC Clone[edit | edit source]

The MAC Clone section is used to change the router's WAN MAC address. You can change the MAC address by entering a new custom value in the WAN MAC address field or click the 'Get PC MAC address' button to obtain your PC's MAC address and use it to fill the field.

Networking rutxxx manual administration mac clone v2.png

In some cases access to a local network is protected by a MAC filter. For example, your company's main router may bind the MAC addresses of devices to the physical Internet sockets they usually connect to. In these cases only the device that is bound to the socket may gain access to the network. You can use MAC Clone to "clone" your PCs address and apply it to your router's WAN Ethernet port to gain access to such networks.

Overview[edit | edit source]

The Overview section is used to select which widgets should be visible in the Status → [[RUT900 Overview|Overview]] page.

Networking rut900 manual administration overview v1.png

Simply select the widgets that you would like to view in the Overview page and click the 'Save' button.

RMS[edit | edit source]

RMS (Remote Management System) is a cloud system designed by Teltonika and intended for remote monitoring and management of Teltonika's networking products.

In order to add a device(s) to RMS, get yourself acquainted by watching this instructional video and register an account by clicking here. Each unique device receives a free month-long RMS license when added to RMS for the first time.


The figure below is a screenshot of the RMS section taken from a device which has been connected to RMS:

Networking rutxxx manual administration rms connected v1.png

Field Value Description
Connection type Enabled | Standby | Disabled; default: Enabled Defines how the device will connect to RMS:
  • Enabled - the device attempts to connect to RMS every 2-5 minutes (every 2 minutes the first hour; then every 5 minutes). If it cannot connect for 14 days, it will enter Standby mode.
  • Standby - the device attempts to connect to RMS every 6 hours.
  • Disabled - RMS functionality is disabled.
Hostname host | ip; default: rms.teltonika.lt Address of the RMS server. If you're using regular RMS, just leave the default address (rms.teltonika.lt).
Port integer [0..65535]; default: 15009 Port number for connecting to RMS. If you're using regular RMS, just leave the default port (15009).



The RMS server waits for incoming connections. Since the device attempts to connect at a fixed interval, it may not connect instantly after you add it to RMS. While it is disconnected, you can check how much time is left until the next connection attempt in the Status section:

Networking rutxxx manual administration rms disconnected v1.png

To speed up the process by initiating an immediate connection attempt, click the 'Connect' button.

For more information on Teltonika's Remote Management System (RMS) refer to the RMS Manual or RMS FAQ pages.

Root CA[edit | edit source]

The Root CA section is used to add a root CA certificate file to the router. There is a default file already preloaded on the device which will be overwritten by any uploaded file. The certificates must be in .pem format, maximum file size is 300 KB. These certificates are only needed if you want to use HTTPS for your services and the default file should be sufficient in most cases.

Networking rutxxx manual administration root ca v1.png

Azure IoThub[edit | edit source]

Azure IoT Hub is an open and flexible cloud platform that supports open-source SDKs and multiple protocols.

To make this section visible, you must first install the azure_iothub package from the the System → Packages → Available section.

Networking rutxxx manual administration azure v1.png

Field Value Description
Enable Azure IoThub monitoring yes | no; default: no Turns Azure IoT Hub on or off.
Connection string string; default: none A unique passphrase used to authenticate to router on Azure IoT Hub cloud (should be provided by Azure).
Message sending interval (sec.) integer [10..99999]; default: 300 The frequency at which information will be sent to Azure.

Below the operating settings is a list of router parameters that will be sent to the Azure IoT Hub when they are selected. Select the parameters relevant to you and click the 'Save' button.

Click here for Azure IoT Hub configuration instructions.

[[Category:RUT900 WebUI]]